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McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing group based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One constructor and likewise has a history of contending in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis contractor, and has won the Canadian-American Obstacle Cup (Can-Am) cars racing champion. The group is the 2nd oldest active, and second most effective Solution One team after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Motorists' Championships and eight Manufacturers' Champions. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American victory followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing accident in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Champion in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Championship in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after organised a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take full control of the group. This began the group's most effective era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them 7 Drivers' Champions and the team took six Fitters' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent challenge throughout this period, the two winning every constructors' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had relocated to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season considering that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the very first time considering that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being named Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works motorist for the British Solution One group Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors allowed by Click to find out more the Tasman rules, Bruce chose to establish his own team to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with customized Cooper vehicles.