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McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best called a Solution One contractor and also has a history of competing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis constructor, and has actually won the Canadian-American Difficulty Cup (Can-Am) sports car racing champion. The group is the second oldest active, and 2nd most effective Formula One group after Ferrari, having actually won 182 races, Chauffeurs' Championships and 8 Fabricators' Championships. The team is an entirely owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the team won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, however their biggest initial success remained in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Further American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren combined with Ron Dennis' Job Four Racing; Dennis took control of as group principal and shortly after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This began the group's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Drivers' Champions and the team took 6 Fitters' Championships. The combination of Prost and Senna was especially dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their competition soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English team Williams used the most consistent challenge throughout this period, the two winning every manufacturers' title in between 1984 and 1994. However, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had transferred to Williams, and the team went 3 seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, further champions came in 1998 and 1999 with motorist Mika Häkkinen, and throughout the 2000s the team corresponded front-runners, driver Lewis Hamilton taking their most current title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren group principal in 2009, handing over to long period of time McLaren employee Martin Whitmarsh. Nevertheless, at the end of 2013, after the team's worst season since 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren check here revealed in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time because 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren revealed they had settled on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will go back to use Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season up until at least 2024. After at first returning to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in conjunction with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports beginning in 2020 to run the full IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to contend in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his employers, however when team owner Charles Cooper demanded using 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his potential Formula One colleague Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars and trucks.